App note: Lifetime of DC vibration motors (MTTF & FIT)

DC vibration motors failure analysis by Precision Microdrives. Link here Reliability is an important consideration for engineers and product designers. It is also very context specific. For example consider a car, which is made from lots of individual components. If the radio antenna should fail, the car still operates. However this is not the case […]

App note: LCD fundamentals and the LCD driver module of 8-Bit PIC microcontrollers

An app note going back to LCD display basics from Microchip. This application note provides an introduction to the basics of LCD: its construction, physics behind its operation, and the different factors affecting its properties and performance.  

App note: Using PIC32 MCUs to develop low-cost controllerless (LCC) graphics solutions

Adding a low-cost virtual graphics on embedded application, app note from Microchip. This application note describes the LCC Graphics Board that enables the implementation of a low-cost controllerless graphic method using a PIC32 microcontroller.

App note: Surface mount LEDs- applications

How to use SMD LEDs to replace through hole LEDs, this app note (PDF) from OSRAM discusses about light guides/pipes, backlighting and lenses to channel its display efficiently. The use of SMT-TOPLED varies greatly from the use of traditional through hole LEDs. Historically through hole LEDs have been incorporated directly into front panels using the […]

App note: Unique and novel uses for ON Semiconductor’s new One-Gate family

One-gate logic uses and their benefits application note (PDF) from ON Semiconductor. One–Gate logic devices have been in use for several years, and are nothing more than single–gate derivatives of their multi–gate cousins. Traditional ICs were packaged in 14 and 16 pin Dual–in–line Packages (DIPs), and the goal of the IC manufacturer was to get […]

App note: microcontrollers and triacs easily connected

Here’s an application note from NXP on how to easily connect main triacs and microcontrollers. This application note describes the easy connection of NXP LPC microcontrollers and three – quadrant (Hi-Com) triacs to control any resistive or inductive load at mains voltage. A one-for-all control method is presented that uses an innovative, patented, current zero-crossing […]

App note: SEPIC-Ćuk Converter gives split rails from a single supply

Analog Devices describes the SEPIC-Ćuk Converter. This type of DC/DC converter is used to create two outputs with the same voltage, but different polarities. This is particularly useful for powering the two rails of op-amp based circuits. A better solution is a SEPIC-Ćuk converter. This topology consists of an unregulated Ćuk converter tied to the […]

App note: Control a USB Host-enabled AVR from an Android device

Atmel describes how to control an AVR chip from an Android device. This document introduces the Android Open Accessory Protocol  for Atmel® microcontrollers. The library and examples are  included in the Atmel AVR® Software Framework (ASF) to provide the customer with a quick and easy way to get started with developing an Android accessory. The […]

App note: USB Host stack programmer’s guide

A guide to Microchip’s USB Host stack. USB Host hardware lets a small chip like a PIC use USB hardware like flash drives, printers, or in this case any type of custom hardware. This document is an in-depth programmer’s guide for those customers who need to implement their own driver to allow an embedded host […]

App note: Driving analog inputs of SAR analog to digital converters

Here is an app note from Microchip describing how to drive analog inputs of Successive Approximation Register  analog to digital converters. Driving any A/D Converter (ADC) can be challenging if all  issues and trade-offs are not  well understood from the  beginning. With Successive Approximation Register (SAR) ADCs, the sampling speed and source impedance should be […]

App note: Driving capacitive loads with op amps

How to drive capacitive loads with op amps. Operational  amplifiers that drive large capacitive loads can have problems like oscillation and peaking. This article describes how to anticipate and limit theses problems: Other problems include: reduced bandwidth, lower output slew rate, and higher power consumption. This application note explains why these problems occur, how to […]

App note: Calculating the error budget in precision DACs

How to chose a voltage reference and digital to analog converter chips to get the precision and stability you need: This application note focuses on Maxim’s 3-terminal voltage references and precision DACs. To design a system, one must first understand how the parts are specified and then how their performance characteristics interact. Voltage references and […]

App note: Soft-Start in LED lighting

Using constant current to drive LEDs is a good practice, but turning them on instantly can be dangerous for both the LED and the LED driver.  Harmful spikes are generated when large currents are instantaneously turned on. This app note from Maxim describes how to soft start LEDs to increase overall lifetime and performance. An […]

App note: Tips ‘n tricks for comparators in PIC microcontrollers

A collection of tips and tricks from Microchip for using the comparator module on PIC12F and PIC16F microcontrollers. These peripherals usually have high propagation delays, but many applications don’t require high response times from the microcontroller. This app note outlines 20 different applications where integrated comparators might come in handy, such as low battery detection, […]

App note: Reference of Maxim RS-485 chips

Maxim describes the features of their RS-485 line of transceivers. It’s important to chose transceivers for RS-485 communication that fall within the specifications of your network. The RS-485 standard is used in many applications, such as professional stage lighting. There is no clock signal so all the devices have to be synchronized with start and […]