App note: Impedance characteristics of bypass capacitor

App note from ROHM Semiconductors about different type of bypass capacitors impedance and some tip when replacing them. Link here (PDF) There are various types of capacitors. If you select parts only based on their capacitance values, the requirements for bypass capacitors may not be satisfied, leading to malfunction of devices or nonconformity to standards. […]

App note: BA1117 dropout voltage

App note from ROHM Semiconductors about linear regulator dropout voltage. Link here (PDF) The dropout voltage is the difference between the input and output voltages that is necessary for the stabilizing operation of a linear regulator. When the input voltage approaches the output voltage, stabilizing operation cannot be maintained and the output starts dropping in […]

Supercapacitor uninterruptable power supply (UPS) for Raspberry Pi

smbakeryt built a couple supercapacitor uninterruptible power supply (UPS) prototypes for his raspberry pi projects: For my Convergent restoration, I decided to build an RASCSI to replace some failing SCSI hard drives. The RASCSI is a SCSI emulator built using a raspberry pi. Problem with these types of emulators is that if you carelessly power […]

Reverse-engineering the first FPGA chip, the XC2064

Ken has written an article on reverse engineering the first FPGA chip, the XC2064: The FPGA was invented by Ross Freeman1 who co-founded Xilinx2 in 1984 and introduced the first FPGA, the XC2064. 3 This FPGA is much simpler than modern FPGAs—it contains just 64 logic blocks, compared to thousands or millions in modern FPGAs—but […]

App note: RS-485 communication link vs. the electric fence, A demonstration of RS-485 EMC robustness

Analog Devices’ RS-485 robustness demonstration by direct application of HV transient to the communication line. Link here Industrial and instrumentation applications (I&I) require transmission of data between multiple systems, often over very long distances. The RS-485 bus standard is one of the most widely used physical layer bus designs in I&I applications. Applications for RS-485 […]

App note: Using ESD diodes as voltage clamps

App note from Analog Devices on improving robustness of an amplifier by determining and mitigating internal ESD diode clamp electrical overestress. Link here When external overvoltage conditions are applied to an amplifier, ESD diodes are the last line of defense between your amplifier and electrical over stress. With proper understanding of how an ESD cell […]

App note: Notes for temperature measurement using forward voltage of PN junction

App note from ROHM Semiconductors about the cautions when measuring temperature from PN Junctions. Link here (PDF) The forward voltage of a pn junction can be measured to estimate the junction temperature of a semiconductor device. However, correct results may not be obtained if the measurement is performed incorrectly.

App note: What is a digital transistor?

See the simple composition of a digital transistor, app note from ROHM Semiconductors. Link here A digital transistor is a bipolar transistor that integrates resistors. Bipolar operation tends to become unstable if the input (Base) is connected directly to the output terminal of an IC for voltage control. Inserting a resistor at the Base stabilizes […]

Back to basic – Mini CNC plotter

tuenhidiy shared detailed instructions of how to easily build your own low-cost Arduino mini CNC plotter from old DVD/CD player, project instructables here. I have become too concerned with complicated details or new things, and now I should concentrate on basic, simple and important ideas. Getting back to basics, to start learning CNC, today I’d […]

Convert an ATX computer supply to a bench power supply

Using an old computer ATX power supply as a high-performance workbench power supply @ DroneBot Workshop: A Bench Power Supply is an essential component for any serious electronics experimenter. But a good supply with multiple output voltages and a high current capability can set you back some serious cash. In this article we’ll look at […]

App note: Advantages and limitations of the chopper-stabilized architecture of zero-drift precision op amps

App note from ON Semiconductors on the do’s and don’ts when using zero-drift precision op amps. Link here (PDF) Zero−drift precision op amps are specialized op amps designed for applications that require high output accuracy due to small differential voltages. Not only do they feature low input offset voltage, but they also have high CMRR, […]

App note: A method of enabling more touch pads With 5-ch CapTouch module on LPC804 MCU

App note from NXP demonstrating capacitive pin channels expansion on LPC804 MCU with SWM (switch matrix) and scan sequences. Link here (PDF) The CapTouch module on LPC804 supports only 5 channels by hardware. Normally, the device with up to 5 channels can fulfill some simple use cases. But if more channels are required by the […]

App note: SPI flash programming algorithms for LP546xx

App note from NXP giving step by step guide on creating flash programming file for MDK and also using pre-compiled flash programming algorithm which can be used directly. Link here (PDF) LPC546xx has external spi flash interface(SPIFI) which can R/W external flash with single/dual/quad mode. It also supports XIP mode which means code can be […]

App note: Measurement, calibration and measurement uncertainty of OSRAM Opto Semiconductor LEDs

App note from OSRAM focuses on the measurement of LEDs and provides a fundamental understanding of optical measurement, calibration and measurement uncertainty. Link here (PDF) With the recent rapid growth of the LED market and the development of its applications, LEDs have become more common. They can now be found in many new applications within […]

App note: Health monitoring

App note from OSRAM on design recommendation for LEDs and photodiodes intended for health monitoring. Link here (PDF) Wearable applications enable the monitoring of vital signs for healthcare reasons and also for daily life activity tracking. This application note provides basic information on health monitoring as well as an overview of the potential products and […]

DIY portable video conference, sharing and teaching device

A DIY conference and teaching device @ mcuoneclipse.com: COVID-19 is by far not over, and in Switzerland the infection rate is going up again (2nd wave?). During the spring 2020 semester university lock-down we moved pretty much everything to a ‘distance learning’ setup. With that experience and with the request to prepare for the fall […]