App note: Basics on decoupling

See AVX technical note on how capacitors filter out transients in high speed digital circuits. Link here (PDF) This paper discusses the characteristics of multilayer ceramic capacitors in decoupling applications and compares their performance with other types of decoupling capacitors. A special high-frequency test circuit is described and the results obtained using various types of […]

App note: Hand soldering tutorial for fine pitch QFP devices

No SMD tools removal and soldering of QFP packages tutorial from Silicon labs. Link here (PDF) This document is intended to help designers create their initial prototype systems using Silicon Lab’s TQFP and LQFP devices where surface mount assembly equipment is not readily available. This application note assumes that the reader has at least basic […]

App note: 3V DACs used in ±10V applications

Boosting DAC’s output to drive larger voltage tackled in this app note from MAXIM Integrated. Link here (PDF) Many modern systems have the majority of their electronics powered by 3.3V or lower, but must drive external loads with ±10V, a range that is still very common in industrial applications. There are digital to analog converters […]

App note: Tire pressure monitor system

NXP Semiconductor’s implementation of Tire pressure monitor (TPM) system. Link here (PDF) The Tire Pressure Monitoring System Reference Design consists of five modules: four tire modules and a receiver module. The tire modules consist of the MPXY80xx, the RF2, a battery, several discrete components, and a printed antenna. The receiver module has the MC33954, the […]

App note: Crystal oscillator troubleshooting guide

App note from NXP Semiconductors dealing with oscillators in microcontrollers. Link here (PDF) Most microcontrollers can use a crystal oscillator as their clock source. Other options include external canned oscillators, resonators, RC oscillators, and internal clocks. The main advantages of a crystal oscillator are frequency accuracy, stability, and low power consumption. However, high reliability is […]

App note: Active cell balancing in battery packs

Cell balancing implementation from NXP Semiconductors. Link here (PDF) Batteries made of multiple cells connected in series are often used as a power source for common electronic devices. In multicell battery chains, small differences between the cells (due to production tolerances or operating conditions) tend to be magnified with each charge or discharge cycle. In […]

App note: Reduced power dissipation of relay loads

Another app note from ON Semiconductors on using PWM technique to reduce power consumed when latching mechanical relays. Link here (PDF) Integrated circuit driver circuits often use relay loads in their application. Output drivers are a source of power dissipation on the IC. Latching relays can be used to keep sustaining load current at a […]

App note: The load switch – Selection and use of ecoSWITCH(TM) products

ecoSWITCH(TM) from ON Semiconductors offers space saving solution on power distribution system. Link here (PDF) Load switches play an important part in the management of supply domains and the protection of the loads they supply. Loads switches are often used for power sequencing, standby load leakage reduction, and inrush current control. Integrated ecoSWITCH products deliver […]

App note: The behavior of electro-magnetic radiation of power inductors in power management

Würth Elektronik app note on EM radiation emission from power inductors. Link here (PDF) DC-DC converters are widely used in power management applications and the inductor is one of the key components. The usual focus is on electrical performance characteristics such as RDC, RAC and core losses. But, the electro-magnetic radiation characteristics can often be […]

App note: How to use power inductors

A great guide from TDK about power inductors used in DC-DC converters. Link here As electronic devices become more advanced, the power supply voltage of LSIs used in them is lowered, so their power consumption can be reduced and their speed increased. However, a decrease in the power supply voltage also causes the requirements regarding […]

App note: Operating voltage ratings for inductors

Coilcraft’s app note on why inductor’s voltage ratings are uncommonly mentioned in most applications. Link here (PDF) Voltage ratings are often specified for many electronic components, including capacitors, resistors and integrated circuits, but traditionally this has been rare for inductors. Recent trends, particularly the introduction of higher voltage rated semiconductor devices, have created a new […]

App note: Power supply topologies – Forward of Flyback? Which is Better? Both!

App note from Coilcraft camparing two recognized power supply topologies. Link here (PDF) Beatles or Stones? Michael or LeBron? Deep dish or thin crust? Forward or flyback? These are just a few of the age-old questions that have been hotly debated over the years, people arguing their opinions with great vigor. But, the truth is, […]

App note: Replacing traditional optocouplers with Si87xx digital isolators

Digital isolator from Silicon Labs app note shows pin compatible plus high performance replacment of incumbent optoisolators, link here (PDF) Opto-couplers are a decades-old technology widely used for signal isolation, typically providing safety isolation, signal level shifting, and ground loop mitigation. They are commonly used in a wide range of end applications, including data communication […]

App note: Introduction to gapped clocks and PLLs

App note from Silicon Labs on the introduction of gapped clocks, how they can be used in network timing, and their impact upon phase locked loop (PLL) technology. Link here (PDF) Gapped clocks are periodic clock signals of a single clock frequency that have clock pulses removed from their stream. Well-formed gapped clocks do not […]

App note: Miniature, precision negative reference requires no precision resistors

App note from Maxim Integrated creating voltage negative reference from charge-pump inverter plus positive voltage reference combo. Link here (PDF) This application note discusses how to build a negative voltage reference without using external resistors or a negative supply by simply combining a simple charge-pump inverter and a positive output voltage reference.

App note: Simple test method for estimating the stability of linear regulators

Tips from ROHM Semiconductor to estimate the stability of linear regulator using simple step response method. Link here (PDF) Low drop-out (LDO) regulators developed back in the age when large-capacitance multi-layer ceramic capacitors (hereinafter, MLCCs) were uncommon cause a phase delay, leading to oscillation when connected to a low-ESR capacitor like an MLCC. Often, MLCCs […]

App note: Understanding the safety certification of digital isolators

This application note summarizes the international safety standards and certifications that apply to digital isolators. Link here Digital isolators provide signal isolation and the level shifting required for the correct operation of many circuits. Equally important, they insulate the user from electric shock. With basic human safety considerations so pertinent here, these isolators must undergo […]

App note: Receiving S/PDIF audio stream with the STM32F4/F7/H7 series

App note from STMicroelectronics about electrically connecting an external S/PDIF stream to an STM32 with an S/PDIFRX interface peripheral, Link here (PDF) The Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format (S/PDIF) is a point-to-point protocol for serial and uni-directional transmission of digital audio through a single transmission line for consumer and professional applications. The transmission of data can […]

App note: Addressing power supply challenges for after-market electronics and infrastructure

This application note discusses key market trends and customer needs that are presenting new challenges for power supply design for after-market technologies and transport infrastructure automation. This piece will also examine solutions to address these challenges, with a special emphasis on power architecture. Link here After-market automotive products have driven remarkable innovation, from infotainment and […]