App note: The load switch – Selection and use of ecoSWITCH(TM) products

ecoSWITCH(TM) from ON Semiconductors offers space saving solution on power distribution system. Link here (PDF) Load switches play an important part in the management of supply domains and the protection of the loads they supply. Loads switches are often used for power sequencing, standby load leakage reduction, and inrush current control. Integrated ecoSWITCH products deliver […]

App note: The behavior of electro-magnetic radiation of power inductors in power management

Würth Elektronik app note on EM radiation emission from power inductors. Link here (PDF) DC-DC converters are widely used in power management applications and the inductor is one of the key components. The usual focus is on electrical performance characteristics such as RDC, RAC and core losses. But, the electro-magnetic radiation characteristics can often be […]

App note: How to use power inductors

A great guide from TDK about power inductors used in DC-DC converters. Link here As electronic devices become more advanced, the power supply voltage of LSIs used in them is lowered, so their power consumption can be reduced and their speed increased. However, a decrease in the power supply voltage also causes the requirements regarding […]

App note: Operating voltage ratings for inductors

Coilcraft’s app note on why inductor’s voltage ratings are uncommonly mentioned in most applications. Link here (PDF) Voltage ratings are often specified for many electronic components, including capacitors, resistors and integrated circuits, but traditionally this has been rare for inductors. Recent trends, particularly the introduction of higher voltage rated semiconductor devices, have created a new […]

App note: Power supply topologies – Forward of Flyback? Which is Better? Both!

App note from Coilcraft camparing two recognized power supply topologies. Link here (PDF) Beatles or Stones? Michael or LeBron? Deep dish or thin crust? Forward or flyback? These are just a few of the age-old questions that have been hotly debated over the years, people arguing their opinions with great vigor. But, the truth is, […]

App note: Replacing traditional optocouplers with Si87xx digital isolators

Digital isolator from Silicon Labs app note shows pin compatible plus high performance replacment of incumbent optoisolators, link here (PDF) Opto-couplers are a decades-old technology widely used for signal isolation, typically providing safety isolation, signal level shifting, and ground loop mitigation. They are commonly used in a wide range of end applications, including data communication […]

App note: Introduction to gapped clocks and PLLs

App note from Silicon Labs on the introduction of gapped clocks, how they can be used in network timing, and their impact upon phase locked loop (PLL) technology. Link here (PDF) Gapped clocks are periodic clock signals of a single clock frequency that have clock pulses removed from their stream. Well-formed gapped clocks do not […]

App note: Miniature, precision negative reference requires no precision resistors

App note from Maxim Integrated creating voltage negative reference from charge-pump inverter plus positive voltage reference combo. Link here (PDF) This application note discusses how to build a negative voltage reference without using external resistors or a negative supply by simply combining a simple charge-pump inverter and a positive output voltage reference.

App note: Simple test method for estimating the stability of linear regulators

Tips from ROHM Semiconductor to estimate the stability of linear regulator using simple step response method. Link here (PDF) Low drop-out (LDO) regulators developed back in the age when large-capacitance multi-layer ceramic capacitors (hereinafter, MLCCs) were uncommon cause a phase delay, leading to oscillation when connected to a low-ESR capacitor like an MLCC. Often, MLCCs […]

App note: Understanding the safety certification of digital isolators

This application note summarizes the international safety standards and certifications that apply to digital isolators. Link here Digital isolators provide signal isolation and the level shifting required for the correct operation of many circuits. Equally important, they insulate the user from electric shock. With basic human safety considerations so pertinent here, these isolators must undergo […]

App note: Receiving S/PDIF audio stream with the STM32F4/F7/H7 series

App note from STMicroelectronics about electrically connecting an external S/PDIF stream to an STM32 with an S/PDIFRX interface peripheral, Link here (PDF) The Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format (S/PDIF) is a point-to-point protocol for serial and uni-directional transmission of digital audio through a single transmission line for consumer and professional applications. The transmission of data can […]

App note: Addressing power supply challenges for after-market electronics and infrastructure

This application note discusses key market trends and customer needs that are presenting new challenges for power supply design for after-market technologies and transport infrastructure automation. This piece will also examine solutions to address these challenges, with a special emphasis on power architecture. Link here After-market automotive products have driven remarkable innovation, from infotainment and […]

App note: Linear regulator problem situations – Power supply does not start

App note from ROHM Semiconductor about various start up problem on 3 pins linear regulator. Link here (PDF) Although linear regulators can be used to easily configure power supplies, the linear regulators may cause startup problems depending on the type of loads. This application note introduces cases where the power supplies do not start correctly […]

App note: Design considerations for a harsh industrial environment

This article discusses factors that influence the robustness of a circuit in a harsh environment, like you would find for industrial applications. The topics covered include ways to handle voltage transients and to protect against electrostatic discharge (ESD) and faults. Link here Semiconductor (IC) robustness—what is the operating temperature range? How is high electrical noise handled? […]

App note: MUX-friendly precision operational amplifiers

Another App note from Texas Instruments on op-amp input safety from breakdown voltages during source switch-over. Link here (PDF) Multiplexing is a frequently used technique to perform data acquisition in multichannel systems with minimal signal-chain requirements. In this context, the role of the multiplexer (MUX) in an acquisition system is to switch between channels, and […]

App note: Precision current measurements on high-voltage powersupply rails

Two methods for measuring current and what sense amplifier used are tackled in this app note from Texas Instruments. Link here (PDF) Current is a signal that can provide valuable insight into how a system is operating. Under defined conditions, the amount of current required to perform a task is consistent, making the current information […]

App note: IC temperature sensor accuracy compensation with a PIC microcontroller

This application note is based on the analog output MCP9700/MCP9701 and serial output MCP9800 temperature sensors. Link (PDF)  here Microchip Technology Inc. provides a number of analog and serial output Integrated Circuit (IC) temperature sensors. Typically, these sensors are accurate at room temperature within one degree Celsius (±1°C). However, at hot or cold temperature extremes, the […]

App note: Parallel crystal circuit input voltage control

This application note is intended for use with all SMSC LAN products incorporating a parallel crystal circuit. The information contained in this application note provides one option to control the voltage across the input of the crystal circuitry. Link here The designer should incorporate the series resistor shown below in his design to guarantee that the […]