App note: Potentiometers and trimmers

App note from Vishay on variable resistors primer. Link here (PDF) A potentiometer is a mechanically actuated variable resistor with three terminals. Two of the terminals are linked to the ends of the resistive element and the third is connected to a mobile contact moving over the resistive track. The output voltage becomes a function […]

App note: Application of leaded resistors in energy meters

App note from Vishay about energy meter circuits and the use of leaded resistors on them. Link here (PDF) An electric meter or energy meter is a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to a residence or business. It is also known as (k)Wh meter. The main unit of measurement in the […]

App note: Overcurrent protection with Thin Film resistors technology

A technical note about Thin Film fuses from Vishay. Link here (PDF) Thin film technology is an established technology for high-grade passive components, which has been proved and refined over decades. Its advantages in terms of accuracy, repeatability and stability are appreciated in mass production for billions of thin film resistors every year. Chip fuses […]

App note: Solid state relays input resistor selection

SSR or solid state relays input resistor recommendation app note from Vishay. Link here (PDF) Solid state relays (SSRs) are commonly driven by TTL or buffered CMOS logic gates. These gates, when used to sink current, provide adequate drive for SSRs. An open-collector output is not required to drive the SSRs, but it can be […]

App note: The heat is on – High-power surface-mount resistors

Application notes from Vishay on effective heat dissipation for their aluminum nitride utilized resistors. Link here (PDF) The intent is to discuss a few techniques to manage the heat that is generated by high-power surface-mount resistors and the effects they will have on design space, complexity, and cost.

App note: EPIC: Electro-Pyrotechnic Initiator Chip Resistor

An application note on Vishay’s electro-pyrotechnic resistor chip made from thin film technology. Link here (PDF) In this paper we will show how the EPIC’s thin film construction is unique in providing pyrotechnic engineers with outstanding performances in terms of firing energy, firing time, reproducibility and reliability, easy set up, no fire/all fire ratio, assembly, […]

App note: Using Vishay infrared receivers in a Wi-Fi environment

2.4Ghz and 5 Ghz Wi-fi signals can sometimes affect IR receivers, here’s Vishay’s app note about them. Link here (PDF) In recent years, Wi-Fi connectivity has penetrated most consumer electronic devices used for media reproduction. New TVs, satellite receiver and cable boxes, and streaming devices are more often than not built with Wi-Fi capabilities at […]

App note: Solid state relay parallel and DC operation

Parallel two solid state relays for improved current handling and avoiding imbalance of load distribution are discussed in this an app note from Vishay. Link here (PDF) Vishay solid state relay (SSR) outputs can be wired in parallel enabling the user to benefit from lower on-resistance and higher load currents for AC/DC switching applications. This […]

App note: Solid-State Relays

Solid-state relays introduction from Vishay, Link here (PDF) MOSFET SSRs feature an optocoupler construction, but have a pair of MOSFETs on the output instead of a phototransistor. A pair of source-coupled MOSFETs emulate an electromechanical relay by providing bidirectional switch capability and a linear contact. No output power supply is required.

App note: Rectifiers for Power Factor Correction

Another Vishay’s app note about power factor correction this time about the component used and their effects. Link here (PDF) PFC devices are generally selected base on the speed of their reverse recovery time (trr). Currently for CCM (Continuous-Conduction-Mode) and CRM (Critical Conduction-Mode) PFC devices in market, rectifiers up to 600 V with trr smaller […]

App note: Power factor correction with ultrafast diodes

Vishay’s app note in keeping the power supplies’ power factor in check with their ultrafast diodes. Link here (PDF) More and more switched mode power supplies (SMPS) are being designed with an active power factor correction (PFC) input stage. This is mainly due to the introduction of regulations aimed at restricting the harmonic content of […]

App note: HVArc Guard® surface-mount capacitors for low-power voltage multiplier applications

Application note on Vishay’s arc resistant SMD capacitors, Link here (PDF) Voltage multipliers can generate very high voltages due to an inverter circuit that feeds a step-up transformer, which is connected to the multiplier circuit. An example of a typical voltage multiplier, which is simply a circuit comprised of capacitors and diodes that charge and […]

App note: AC film capacitors in connection with the mains

An application note from Vishay about choosing the right filter capacitors that are placed directly on mains. Link here (PDF) To help reducing emission and increasing the immunity of radio interference, electromagnetic interference suppression film capacitors (EMI capacitors) are playing a major role in all kind of applications. These capacitors are put directly parallel over […]

App note: Power MOSFET in high-side operating modes, possible failure modes, and failure signatures

App note from Vishay on high-side MOSFET failures investigation leads to one of the following modes of operation: (a) High-impedance gate drive (b) Electro-static discharge (ESD) exposure (c) Electrical over-stressed (EOS) operation More on it here (PDF) Power MOSFET failures in high-side applications can often be attributed to a high-impedance gate drive creating a virtual […]

App note: Power MOSFET Basics: Understanding the Turn-On Process

More to know about MOSFET gate threshold voltages, an application note from Vishay. Link here (PDF) The question of how to turn on a MOSFET might sound trivial, since ease of switching is a major advantage of field-effect transistors. Unlike bipolar junction transistors, these are majority carrier devices. One does not have to worry about […]

App note: High speed data line protection

Bridge diode works as transient voltage clamp to protect data lines. Here’s Vishay’s app note, link here (PDF) Local Area Network (LAN) data lines require protection against direct and induced transient over voltages on the lines. Protecting these lines and the associated network is not a trivial task. The power range is somewhere between static […]

App note: Temperature dependency of zener voltage

Vishay’s application note on zener diode voltage stability. Link here (PDF) The Zener voltage (VZ) of a Zener or avalanche diode depends on the diode’s junction temperature. Any current running through the p/n junction barrier generates the electrical power of: P = IZ * VZ. This electrical power is equivalent to the thermal power applied […]

App note: Low Value Power Metal Strip Resistors – Intelligent Li-ion rechargeable battery

App note from Vishay about tight tolerances that sense resistor requires for accurate and efficient Li-ion battery chargers. Link here (PDF) Intelligent Li-ion rechargeable batteries utilize current sensing resistors with ultra low ohm, low TCR, tight tolerance, high withstanding surge current and low thermal EMF.

App note: Grid resistors: Determining nominal resistance

App note from Vishay on selecting grid resistors base on their application as resistors vary over continuous duty. Link here (PDF) Nearly all resistor materials change resistance as temperature increases. Depending on the material, this change can range from a few percent to 50 % and higher at 100 % duty on the resistor (100 […]

App note: Fast charging control with NTC temperature sensing

Vishay’s application note on fast charging control using NTC and TI’s BQ2005. Link here (PDF) The need for increased autonomy for new models of laptops and cellular phones has resulted in high-energy density power packs – Ni MH and Li-ion batteries. These batteries can be charged quickly, on the condition that the fast charging complies […]