App note: Interfacing an STM32L1xx microcontroller with an external I2S audio codec to play audio files

I2S protocol interfacing with an STM32 microcontroller app note from ST Microelectronics. Link here (PDF) The I2S protocol is widely used to transfer audio data from a microcontroller/DSP to an audio codec in order to play melodies (stored in a memory) or, to capture analog sound (from a microphone). The STM32L1xx allows I2S audio communication […]

App note: USB hardware and PCB guidelines using STM32 MCUs

Peripheral USB on STM32 MCUs app note from STMicroelectronics. Link here (PDF) STM32 microcontrollers include a group of products embedding a USB (Universal Serial Bus) peripheral. Full-speed and high-speed operations are provided through embedded and/or external PHYs (physical layers of the open system interconnection model). This application note gives an overview of the USB peripherals […]

App note: USB Type-C™ power delivery using STM32xx series MCUs and STM32xxx series MPUs

Guideline from STMicroelectronics on the basics of the two new USB Type-C™ and USB Power-Delivery standards. Link here (PDF) This new reversible USB Type-C™ connector makes plug insertion more user friendly. The technology offers a single platform connector carrying all the necessary data. Using the power delivery protocol, it allows negotiation of up to 100 […]

App note: Receiving S/PDIF audio stream with the STM32F4/F7/H7 series

App note from STMicroelectronics about electrically connecting an external S/PDIF stream to an STM32 with an S/PDIFRX interface peripheral, Link here (PDF) The Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format (S/PDIF) is a point-to-point protocol for serial and uni-directional transmission of digital audio through a single transmission line for consumer and professional applications. The transmission of data can […]

App note: Basics and low-cost solution proposals to move from legacy USB2.0 connector to USB Type-C™ connector with STM32 devices

App note from STMicroelectronics about interfacing STM32 legacy USB 2.0 to USB Type-C. Link here (PDF) This application note is a guideline to introduce this USB Type-C connector onto platform to replace legacy USB2.0 connectors. It introduces some basis of the two new standards USB Type-C™ and the USB Power Delivery.

App note: Quad-SPI (QSPI) interface on STM32 microcontrollers

Extend memories by using external high speed memories interfaced to Quad-SPI modules on STM32 micros, app note from STMicroelectronics. Link here (PDF) This application note describes the Quad-SPI interface on the STM32 microcontrollers and explains how to use the module to configure, program, and read external Quad-SPI memories. It describes some typical use cases to […]

App note: USB audio bridge example with STM32F0 MCUs

App note from STMicroelectronics using their STM32F0 microcontrollers to playback audio stream from USB. Link here (PDF) This application note describes a method and an example of synchronizing audio playback or audio recording with an upstream or downstream USB audio host, ensuring flawless audio listening or recording using only internal MCU resources. Focusing on specific […]

App note: USB Type-C protection and filtering

STMicroelectronics’ solution for simplifying USB Type-C protection and filtering using transient voltage suppressors, common mode filtering and proper board layout. Link here (PDF) The USB interface has been present on the market for nearly 2 decades and thanks to that, nowadays it is quite obvious for everybody to connect electronic devices in this manner. However, […]

App note: How to select the right thyristor (SCR) for your application

SCR fundamentals discussed in this app note from STMicroelectronics. Link here (PDF) This document provides some guidelines about how to select the right thyristor, also referred to as “SCR”, according to the different applications. Some very specific cases could require a higher level of expertise to ensure reliable and efficient operation.  

App note: How to implement an SCR or a Triac in hybrid relay applications

Another app note from STMicroelectronics on SCR or Triac hybrid with mechanical relay to decrease power loss and manage inrush current. Link here (PDF) This document gives some key information about the design of the solid-state silicon AC switch stage of a hybrid relay, which can drive resistive, capacitive or inductive AC loads, such as: […]

App note: AC switches – Is a positive power supply mandatory for my application, or could a negative output work also?

App note from STMicroelectronics about the usage of a negative supply in controlling AC switches and their benefits, Link here (PDF) In this application note we explain the reasons why some appliance designers might choose a positive power supply. This selection is based mainly on the choice of switched mode power supply (SMPS). Some specific […]

App note: Current sharing in parallel diodes

Application note from STMicroelectronics on the performance of each diode in a parallel diode connection and how the forward voltage dispersion can have a great impact over thermal effect on the current imbalance. Link here (PDF) The use of diodes in parallel is commonly found in power electronic design. An important consideration for this practice […]

App note: Current sensing in metering applications using a pulse current sensor and ST metering devices

App note from STMicroelectronics about current sensing using Rogowski coil together with STPMxx metering device. Link here (PDF) This application note describes the benefits of a current sensing system for metering applications using STPMxx metering devices and a current sensor developed by Pulse Engineering Inc. (hereafter referred to as “Pulse current sensor”), based on the […]

App note: Watt-hour meter based on the STM32F101 microcontroller

ARM Microcontroller based watt-hour meter implementation from STMicroelectronics. Link here (PDF) This document describes, in detail, the hardware and software implementation of a watthour meter using the STM32F101 microcontroller. This cost effective watt-hour meter uses shunt with an operational amplifier as a current sensor, an embedded 12-bit ADC for current and voltage measurement, GPIO for […]

App note: Thermal design calculations for integrated stepper motor driver solutions

Another technical note from STMicroelectronics on fine tuning motor drivers for optimal thermal design. Link here (PDF) One constant trend in the automotive world is the tendency to reduce the size of electronic components and the ECUs (Electronic Control Unit). While this development has many benefits for the car manufacturer as well as for the […]

App note: Pop & click in audio amplifiers

Technical note from STMicroelectronics about popping noise usually heard on audio amplifiers and how to minimize it. Link here (PDF) Pop and click, or rather, the absence of it, is a characteristic that makes a lot of impact in the world of audio amplifiers. This is especially true for those destined for headphone-equipped applications (such […]

App note: Adjustable gain with a current sensing

Application note from STMicroelectronics for fine tuning gain on current sensing amplifier. Link here (PDF) This application note explains how to use current sensing amplifiers with series resistors on the sense inputs. This approach is especially useful for applications where the gain must be adjusted.

App note: Intelligent power switches for 48 V battery applications

Application note on controling Intelligent Power Switches (IPS) from STMicroelectronics. Link here (PDF) For the last 15-20 years, the automotive electronics market has been moving from electromechanical relays to solid state components for driving all kind of loads. It is obvious why: solid state components are smaller in size, lighter, silent, easy to mass produce […]

App note: How to select the Triac, ACS, or ACST that fits your application

Choosing the right AC switch for your application based on specification like current rating, voltage rating and triggering quadrant. Here’s an app note from STMicroelectronics to guide you on selecting the right part. Link here (PDF) This document gives basic guidelines to select the AC switch device according to the targeted application requirements. These guidelines […]