Scaling large values to be fed on limited input digital meters, application note from Murata. Link here (PDF)
It is oftentimes necessary to attenuate “large” input signals down to a level that more closely matches the input range of a selected meter. For example, suppose the signal to be measured is 19 Volts, and the input voltage range of the available meter is 2 Volts (the preferred model for any attenuation circuit). Obviously, the “raw” input signal voltage is much too high for a ± 2V meter to measure directly and must first be attenuated.