From the comments on our ESP8266 temperature logger post, Edward Mallon writes:
The ESP8266 has a hardware watchdog timer, so you could probably use that to measure temperature to much better resolution that you’d get from a DS18B20. We get better than 0.003C using the technique with cheap Pro Mini Clones
Ooops, I missed an important aspect of the two clock method – the inter-reading jitter in the micros() reads brings the resolution down to DS18b20 levels.
More details on Underwater Arduino Data Loggers blog.