Craig of /dev/ttyS0 wrote an article on reversing D-Link’s WPS Pin Algorithm:
While perusing the latest firmware for D-Link’s DIR-810L 80211ac router, I found an interesting bit of code in sbin/ncc, a binary which provides back-end services used by many other processes on the device, including the HTTP and UPnP servers
I first began examining this particular piece of code with the hopes of controlling part of the format string that is passed to __system. However, this data proved not to be user controllable, as the value placed in the format string is the default WPS pin for the router.
The default WPS pin itself is retrieved via a call to sub_4D56F8. Since the WPS pin is typically programmed into NVRAM at the factory, one might expect sub_4D56F8 to simply be performing some NVRAM queries, but that is not the case
This code isn’t retrieving a WPS pin at all, but instead is grabbing the router’s WAN MAC address. The MAC address is then split into its OUI and NIC components, and a tedious set of multiplications, xors, and shifts ensues (full disassembly listing here)
Details can be found on Craig’s website.